Pandemic Influenza Resources

· (USA)
· World Health Organization
· Center for Disease Control (USA)

Internet Resources
· Flu Wiki - Internet flu community
· H5N1 Blog - Tracks worldwide news
· Flu Blog - Blog of the Flu Wiki community

Learn More
· Wikipedia

Navigation: Current Pandemic Concerns
H5N1 'Bird Flu' / 'Avian Influenza'
HIV Precursor to AIDS
SARS Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
Superbugs Antibiotic Resistance

Paid Links
These are sometimes useful resources, as they are updated frequently

Of Interest
The Pandemic Severity Index is a proposed system for classifying influenza pandemics in the US

A Simple Resource for Pandemic Disease Outbreaks

What is a Pandemic?

A pandemic is a global disease outbreak that threatens the lives of countless individuals worldwide.

Ongoing pandemic concerns include the H5N1 Avian Flu, HIV/AIDS, antibiotic-resistant Superbugs, and SARS.

Pandemics can create sudden and intense demands on health systems, and a response network to prepare for such events has been developed by the World Health Organization.

EN71 Virus

Enterovirus 71 is a type of hand, foot and mouth disease that children are susceptible to. On May 3, 2008, Chinese health authorities reported a major outbreak of EV71 enterovirus in Fuyang city and other localities in Anhui, Zhejiang, and Guangdong provinces. As of May 3, 2008, 3736 cases, mainly in children have been reported, with 22 dead, 42 critically ill, and 415 new cases have been reported in the last 24 hours in Fuyang City alone.

More at: Associated Press

H5N1 Avian Flu

Much concern today is focused on the H5N1 'Avian Flu' virus, a virus that currently only spreads via bird to human contact. There are widespread fears the virus may mutate to be able to spread by human to human contact, which could cause an influenza pandemic similar to the 1918 Influenza Pandemic that killed approximately 3% of the world's population.


Reports are coming in daily about various cases of H5N1 being found, primarily in Asia, Africa, and the Middle East. You can keep up to date on these by going to one of the internet resource links in the sidebar on the right hand side of this page.

For details on the science behind the H5N1 virus, visit the H5N1 Wikipedia article.


Current - H5N1 Cases, Latest Updates (WHO)

Current - Regional cases map (

Current - OIE disease outbreak map is an up to date map of disease outbreaks in animals, classifying by continuing and resolved cases

4/1/2007 - A video series is now available on youtube describing the science and implications of H5N1

1st video: Basics of H5N1 virus

2nd video: Threat of a Pandemic

10/2006 - Nature has created a Google Earth overlay to show the spread and mutation of Avian Flu over time. Download Google Earth then click here to access the Flu overlay file. Example video:

9/20/2005 - PBS conducted an interview (transcript, with video link) with Dr Anthony Fauci from the NIH (USA).


HIV infection in humans is now pandemic. As of January 2006, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) and the World Health Organization (WHO) estimate that AIDS has killed more than 25 million people since it was first recognized on December 1, 1981, making it one of the most destructive pandemics in recorded history. It is estimated that about 0.6% of the world's population is infected with HIV.


AIDS Videos has a large collection of videos in many languages


Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a respiratory disease in humans that nearly became a pandemic outbreak between November 2002 and July 2003. 8,096 were known to be infected, with 774 deaths and a mortality rate of 9.6% (source: World Health Organization report).


Superbugs are normal bacteria that have developed resistance to most major antibiotics. This resistance is often due to the overuse and misuse of antibiotics. Read more about superbugs at the Center for Disease Control Superbug Page, or on Wikipedia.

One of the major superbugs is MRSA, or Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (Overview: MedicineNet, Science: Wikipedia), a type of Staph (Overview: MedicineNet, Science: Wikipedia). MRSA can cause a potentially fatal infection, especially in at-risk populations such as newborns, people with chronic conditions, and breastfeeding women.

Last Updated: May 4, 2008